人工智能时代的机器人3.0新生态

IDC&CAICT · 2017-08-02

摘要:IDC《人工智能时代的机器人3.0新生态》白皮书指出,全球机器人的发展已经步入机器人3.0时代,智能机器人产业整体增长空间巨大,中国市场规模有望在2027年达到1.6万亿元人民币以上。宏观经济层面,中国5-8%的GDP将由机器人拉动和促进。


<p> IDC认为,人类正处于继电气时代、数字时代之后的又一次伟大变革。机器人技术、人工智能、信息技术、通信技术、以及操控技术正在进一步深度融合。与此相应,机器人产业也从电气时代的机器人1.0,历经数字时代的机器人2.0,演进到智能时代的机器人3.0. </p> <p> IDC全球机器人及亚太制造业研究总监张敬兵博士指出:“机器人3.0以互联互通、虚实一体、软件定义、人机融合为核心特征,智能机器人、多维创新生态、星级应用的‘智多星’组合则是取得成功的必要条件。人工智能与机器人两大行业创新加速器的碰撞及融合,必将给机器人产业带来翻天覆地的变化,驱动其向3.0智能时代快速迈进,而智能机器人也必将更‘知人、懂人、友人’。” </p> <p> 在机器人3.0时代,机器人技术从控制器、伺服电机、减速器等传统的工业技术向机器视觉、语音处理、认知学习等人工智能技术演进;机器人应用从工业领域向商用、家用等领域迅速扩散,将全面进入人类的工作和生活;而在人机关系层面,人类和机器人由相互隔离、保持距离发展到充分的人机交互,融合共生。 </p> <p> 机器人3.0的健康发展,需要重塑行业的竞合关系并促进各主体间的开放创新、共享共赢。当前中国完整机器人产业链基本确立,生态化发展格局也已初步形成,但生态内各主体间的有机协作程度仍处于起步期。亟需打造立体化的开放平台连接并整合各方力量,建立各参与主体间的良性互动机制,形成融合共生、有机协作的机器人多维创新生态。 </p> <p> 针对该市场的发展特性,IDC和中国信息通信研究院合作的《人工智能时代的机器人3.0新生态》白皮书于2017年7月6日由IDC和英特尔正式联合发布,白皮书全面解析机器人产业动态和趋势、中国机器人发展的机遇与挑战,并提出“机器人3.0”的新概念,指出机器人将进入3.0智能时代,人工智能技术与机器人的结合将更加紧密,立体、全方位、有机的协作生态将成为这一时代的主流。 </p> <p> <img 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